Vitamin B12 CAS 68-19-9 Product Information
|Sparingly soluble in water and in ethanol (96 per cent), practically insoluble in acetone. The anhydrous substance is very hygroscopic.
|Crystalline Powder or Crystals
|Red to dark red
Vitamin B12 CAS 68-19-9 applications
- Chemical Structure: Vitamin B12 is a complex molecule that contains a corrin ring structure with a central cobalt atom. It belongs to the group of cobalamins, which are characterized by the presence of cobalt.
- Sources: Vitamin B12 is primarily found in animal-derived foods such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products. It is produced by certain bacteria, and animals obtain it by consuming these bacteria or foods containing them. Plant-based sources of vitamin B12 are limited, and strict vegetarians or vegans may need to supplement their diet to meet their vitamin B12 requirements.
- Functions: Vitamin B12 plays a vital role in several physiological processes, including:
- Formation and maturation of red blood cells
- DNA synthesis and cell division
- Maintenance of the nervous system
- Metabolism of fatty acids and amino acids
- Deficiency: Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to various health problems. Common causes of deficiency include inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption issues, and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of deficiency may include fatigue, weakness, anemia, neurological problems, and digestive issues. Long-term deficiency can result in severe complications.
- Supplementation: Vitamin B12 supplements are available in various forms, including tablets, capsules, and injections. They are commonly used to treat or prevent vitamin B12 deficiency, particularly in individuals with malabsorption issues or dietary restrictions. Supplementation may be recommended for specific populations, such as vegetarians, vegans, and older adults.
- Safety: Vitamin B12 is generally considered safe, even at high doses. It is a water-soluble vitamin, meaning that excess amounts are excreted through urine. However, as with any supplement or medication, it is important to follow recommended dosages and consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.
- Medical Applications: In addition to dietary supplementation, vitamin B12 injections may be prescribed for certain medical conditions, such as pernicious anemia or other cases of severe deficiency where oral supplementation is not sufficient.